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氫氧化鉀的易潮解性介紹!

發布來源:http://www.fx311.com    更新時間:2021-01-26 點擊數:

  氫氧化鉀是白色粉末或片狀固體,具強堿性及腐蝕性,溶于水、乙醇,微溶于乙醚,極易吸收空氣中水分而潮解,吸收二氧化碳而成碳酸鉀,當溶解于水、醇或用酸處理時產生大量熱量。但是大家對它的易潮解性有多少了解呢?下面就給大家來具體講解一下吧。

  Potassium hydroxide is a white powder or flake solid with strong alkalinity and corrosiveness. It is soluble in water, ethanol and slightly soluble in ether. It is easy to absorb water in the air and deliquesce. It absorbs carbon dioxide and becomes potassium carbonate. When it is dissolved in water, alcohol or treated with acid, it will generate a lot of heat. But how much do you know about its deliquescence? Let's talk about it in detail.
  易潮解:氫氧化鉀暴露于空氣中時,易吸收二氧化碳和水分,逐漸變成碳酸鉀。易溶于水,溶解時放出大量溶解熱,有極強的吸水性,在空氣中能吸收水分而溶解,并吸收二氧化碳逐漸變成碳酸鉀。溶于乙醇,微溶于醚。有極強的堿性和腐蝕性,其性質與燒堿相似。能引起灼傷,易于吸收空氣中的水分和CO2。
氫氧化鉀
  Deliquescence: when potassium hydroxide is exposed to air, it is easy to absorb carbon dioxide and water, and gradually becomes potassium carbonate. It is easy to dissolve in water, release a lot of heat of dissolution when dissolving, and has strong water absorption. It can absorb water and dissolve in the air, and absorb carbon dioxide and gradually become potassium carbonate. Soluble in ethanol, slightly soluble in ether. It has strong alkalinity and corrosiveness, and its properties are similar to caustic soda. Can cause burns, easy to absorb moisture and CO2 in the air.
  以上就是給大家總結的關于氫氧化鉀易潮解性的簡單介紹,希望大家都有一定的學習,另外,在大家使用的時候一定注意,避免給自身帶來傷害,想了解更多資訊,請繼續關注我們吧。
  The above is a brief introduction to the deliquescence of potassium hydroxide. I hope you all have some learning. In addition, when you use it, you must pay attention to avoid harm to yourself. If you want to learn more information, please continue to pay attention to us.

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