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固體氫氧化鉀主含量低怎么解決?

發布來源:http://www.fx311.com    更新時間:2021-02-20 點擊數:

固體氫氧化鉀是一種常見的化工產品,一般經常用作化工原料,但有時我們在使用的時候會發現主要產品的主含量達不到要求,如果是這樣的話會影響到后續的生產效果。所以,當產品的主含量低的時候我們應該怎么解決呢,下面我們一起來看一下吧。

Solid potassium hydroxide is a common chemical product, which is often used as a chemical raw material, but sometimes we will find that the main content of the main product does not meet the requirements when we use it, if so, it will affect the subsequent production effect. So, when the main content of the product is low, how can we solve it? Let's take a look.
主含量是指成品中KOH的質量分數,這是確定固體氫氧化鉀質量主要的參數之一,一般要求含量大于90%。生產過程中控制好堿液的溫度是關鍵。1.148%堿液濃度在經過一效、二效蒸發器蒸發只有,堿液濃度需要達到或大于48%,為后面進行的工序質量合格做好準備。這個過程主要是通過蒸氣冷凝產生的熱量用來蒸發堿液中的水分從而提高濃度,因此需要能夠保證蒸氣的壓力和溫度達到相應的要求:真空狀態下可以降低堿液沸點,所以為了節約能源和提升效率,蒸發器中的真空度要盡量保持一個比較高的狀態。二效蒸發器堿液真空度處于0.085~0.094MPa,溫度在75~85攝氏度之間,效果是比較好的。
The main content refers to the mass fraction of KOH in the finished product, which is one of the main parameters to determine the quality of solid potassium hydroxide. Generally, the content is required to be greater than 90%. It is the key to control the temperature of lye in the production process. 1.148% alkali liquor concentration can only be evaporated by the first and second effect evaporators, and the alkali liquor concentration needs to reach or exceed 48%, so as to make preparation for the quality of subsequent processes. This process is mainly used to evaporate the water in the alkali liquor through the heat generated by the steam condensation to improve the concentration. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure that the pressure and temperature of the steam meet the corresponding requirements: the boiling point of the alkali liquor can be reduced in the vacuum state, so in order to save energy and improve efficiency, the vacuum degree in the evaporator should be kept as high as possible. The vacuum degree of the alkali liquor of the two effect evaporator is 0.085-0.094mpa, and the temperature is 75-85 ℃. The effect is good.
1、提高高壓蒸氣的壓力和溫度
1. Increase the pressure and temperature of high pressure steam
升膜蒸發器以高壓蒸氣為加熱介質,可以繼續提高堿液的濃度,固體氫氧化鉀堿液溫度一般在190~210攝氏度之間比較適宜。
The rising film evaporator takes high pressure steam as heating medium, which can continue to increase the concentration of alkali liquor. The temperature of solid potassium hydroxide alkali liquor is generally suitable between 190~210 ℃.
2、氫氣燃燒爐及熔鹽系統
2. Hydrogen combustion furnace and molten salt system
濃縮制片過程需要使用熔融鹽HTS為加熱介質,而加熱BTS是使用氫氣燃燒爐來提供熱源的。燃燒爐提供的熱量要保證穩定,這樣才能確保熔鹽溫度和流量的穩定,才能生成足夠量的穩定熱量來加熱堿液,使經過濃縮器后的堿液溫度達到標準要求,一般在380-400攝氏度之間。
In the process of concentration and production, the molten salt HTS is used as the heating medium, while the heating BTS uses the hydrogen combustion furnace to provide the heat source. The heat provided by the combustion furnace shall be stable, so as to ensure the stability of molten salt temperature and flow, generate enough stable heat to heat the alkali liquor, and make the temperature of alkali liquor after passing through the concentrator reach the standard requirements, generally between 380-400 ℃.
氫氧化鉀
3、保持系統密閉
3. Keep the system closed
為了避免堿液溫度降低和發生潮解,降低其中的K0H含量,堿液在從濃縮器至片堿機的流動過程中需要盡量保持密閉狀態,避免和空氣進行接觸。
In order to avoid the decrease of temperature and deliquescence of alkali liquor and the decrease of k0h content, it is necessary to keep the alkali liquor closed as much as possible during the flow process from the concentrator to the flaker to avoid contact with air.
以上就是關于固體氫氧化鉀主含量低的解決方法,我們總結了幾種常用的解決方法分別是,提高高壓蒸氣的壓力和溫度、氫氣燃燒爐及熔鹽系統以及保持系統密閉的方法。那么,大家今后在遇到產品主含量偏低的情況下就可以采用這些方法來提高產品的純度,保證后期的使用效果。
The above is about the solution to the low main content of solid potassium hydroxide. We summarized several common solutions, namely, to improve the pressure and temperature of high-pressure steam, hydrogen combustion furnace and molten salt system, and to keep the system closed. Then, you can use these methods to improve the purity of the product in the future when the main content of the product is low, so as to ensure the later use effect.

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